LASN is a photographically oriented, professional journal featuring topics of concern and state-of-the-art projects designed or influenced by registered Landscape Architects.
Issue link: http://landscapearchitect.epubxp.com/i/623173
January 2016 55 The city dates back to 1774 and thrived with the growing of coffee, cotton and sugarcane. The construction of railways spurred the area's growth and attracted large contingents of Italian immigrants in the second half of the 19th century. Campinas is the "wealthiest" city in the RMC, accountings for about 10 percent of Brazil's industrial production. Petrochemicals, metallurgy, auto industry and high tech dominate. However, the average per capita income is only $17,700 (U.S. dollars) per year. Landscape Architecture in Brazil Landscape architects worldwide know the name Roberto Burle Marx (1909 –1994). Marx was born in São Paulo, but his family moved to Rio de Janeiro when he was a child. He studied painting in Germany, but returned to Brazil to study visual arts at the National School of Fine Arts in Rio in 1930. There, he focused on visual arts and associated with architects and botanists; both professions influenced his professional life. Marx founded his landscape studio and landscape company in 1955, and opened an office in Caracas, Venezuela in 1956, where he began working with architects Jose Tabacow and Haruyoshi Ono. Marx is credited with introducing modernist landscape architecture to Brazil, designing parks and gardens that made him renown. His commissions in South America were primarily in Brazil, Argentina and Chile, but he also worked in France, South Africa, Washington, D.C., and Los Angeles. Marx was a Renaissance man: a painter; ecologist (an early advocate for conservation of Brazil's rainforests —more than 50 plants bear his name); a naturalists (collected more than 500 philodendrons at his estate in Barra de Guaratiba on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro), an artist and musician. Today, there are a number of notable, innovative landscape architects in São Paulo http://tinyurl.com/o4469ac : Gilberto Elkis is a trendsetting landscape architect known for designing