Landscape Architect & Specifier News

JAN 2019

LASN is a photographically oriented, professional journal featuring topics of concern and state-of-the-art projects designed or influenced by registered Landscape Architects.

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Page 43 of 117

As urban communities continue to grow in density, landscape architects are tasked with creating green spaces that provide these communities with a break from the urban jungle. In addition to providing canopy and vegetation to these areas, more and more landscape architects are recognizing the opportunity to choose plant material and develop lands that provide a "habitat for animals that have been displaced by community growth and development where space is limited," according to the University of Florida's Living Green website. According to a USDA Forest Service article, titled "Landscaping for Wildlife," there are four elements that are essential to the support of a wildlife habitat: food, water, cover and space: Food requirements vary for every species. It changes as they age, and from one season to another. For some species, the berries in a garden are ideal. For others, it's the nuts and acorns, grasses, grains or seeds, or nectars in flowers. Water is as important as food and is critical to survival. Adding a pond or bird bath will produce results in a hurry. Perhaps letting a pond overflow will produce wetlands. Cover is important for weather protection as well as protection from predators. It's also important for nesting and resting. Cover can be provided by shrubs, grasses, trees (including dead trees), rock and brush piles, nesting boxes, and abandoned buildings. Above: This illustration depicts how water is filtered from the wetlands and prairies into the river. Top, Left & Inset: Egrets mostly eat fish, but also sometime amphibians, reptiles and mice. They usually nest in trees or shrubs near water. Top, Right: Depicted are cranes in the oxbow. Cranes usually nest in isolated wetlands and feed mostly on seeds and cultivated grains. 44 Landscape Architect and Specifier News Right: Turtles are in the Fordson Island Oxbow, which is adjacent to the wildlife habitat restoration area.

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