Landscape Architect & Specifier News

AUG 2014

LASN is a photographically oriented, professional journal featuring topics of concern and state-of-the-art projects designed or influenced by registered Landscape Architects.

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Page 97 of 165

98 Landscape Architect and Specifier News According to the EPA, urban and suburban stormwater is the source of about 15 percent of the total nitrogen entering the Chesapeake Bay, and is the only source that is still increasing. Better stormwater management is necessary, but expensive for local governments. The Chesapeake is on EPA's "dirty waters" list, a result of years of missed deadlines for bay restoration. The bay has lost half of its forested shoreline, more than half its wetlands and nearly 80 percent of its underwater grasses. Here, sailors are picking up trash along the shores of the Chesapeake Bay during "Clean The Bay Day." PHoTo: U.S. NAvy, WikiPEDiA PUBliC DomAiN Maryland Warns Some Counties Underfunded for Stormwater Programs A bill passed in Maryland in 2012 required 10 counties to set a small tax for property owners to help fund stormwater programs. Frederick County, for instance, set a one-cent fee. The Maryland Department of Legislative Services (DLS), however, projects that with such a nominal tax, six counties won't have enough money to pay for the necessary water quality efforts in fiscal 2015. DLS estimates Frederick County will be underfunding for stormwater and water quality efforts by about $18 million in its upcoming budget, potentially leaving it "unable to comply with a federal permit," reports the Frederick News-Post. Such a shortfall would allow the county to only accomplish about one-fifth of its stormwater/water quality efforts. While the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) www.cbf. org calls for more state and federal grants and public-private partnerships, some state representative believe the water cleanup goals are unrealistic, given the cost projections, and shortfalls for funding stormwater and water quality projects. Chesapeake Bay restoration efforts began in 1983, following many years of increasingly clouded waters, decreases in striped bass, shad and oyster populations and the disappearance of bay grasses. The primary focus was nitrogen and phosphorus pollution. In 1987, the Bay States and the Feds committed to a 40 percent reduction in nutrient pollution by 2000. That deadline was missed, and reset for 2010, then reset again for 2025. Finally, seeing the lack of progress, the EPA in Dec. 2010, under the authority of the Clean Water Act, released enforceable pollution limits for nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment pollution in the Chesapeake. The six Bay States and the District of Columbia released their plans to meet those limits by 2025. These pollution targets and the states' plans is called the Chesapeake Clean Water Blueprint. The CBF asserts the American Farm Bureau Federation and Fertilizer Institute "have recruited 21 states … to derail Chesapeake Bay restoration … [and] overturn the recent ruling that declared the science-based pollution limits and the cleanup plan legal." I n f o r m a t i o n R e q u e s t # 6 3 5

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